Suppose in the Manufacturing Process, we want to compare and check which are the most reliable procedures, materials, etc. We can use the ANOVA test to compare different suppliers and select the best available.
ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) is used when we have more than two sample groups and determine whether there are any statistically significant differences between the means of two or more independent sample groups. In other words, we can say that it checks the impact of one or more factors by comparing the means of different samples. When we have less than or equal to two sample groups – we go for one sample and two sample tests.
What are the types of ANOVA?
There are two main types of ANOVA viz. one–way ANOVA and two–way ANOVA.
We have discussed the basic concepts of ANOVA when we have one factor, we use one-way ANOVA and when we have two factors, we use two-way ANOVA. I guess this concept is clear and understandable.
Now, let’s discuss some of the assumptions which we should keep in mind while performing ANOVA.
One Factor ANOVA – In an automobile industry, three quality inspectors (A, B, C) measure the breaking strength of car seat fabric and the management wants to test for a difference between their measurements by comparing means.
Since our null hypothesis is rejected, we need to find out which sample group is different and so we can work for improvement.
Let’s make it clear that
We will use the Tukey test (also known as Honestly significant difference – HSD test). With reference to the above example for one way ANOVA, our null hypothesis was rejected and we will conduct Tukey test by using MINITAB.
Grouping Information Using the Tukey Method and 95% Confidence
Means that do not share a letter are significantly different.
NB – Want to learn the concepts of ANOVA and Application in Industries? Attend our Statistical Training Program starting from basic to advanced level. Some of the Statistical training certified courses are Predictive Analytics Masterclass, Essential Statistics For Business Analytics, SPC Masterclass, DOE Masterclass, etc. Apart from Statistical training, we also conduct Minitab Certified Training Program, starting from basic to advanced level. Some of the Minitab software training certified courses are Minitab Essentials, Statistical Tools for Pharmaceuticals, Statistical Quality Analysis & Factorial Designs, etc.
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